Land and Biodiversity

The Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority is responsible for providing the strategic direction for land and biodiversity in the Goulburn Broken catchment.

The Land and Biodiversity Program’s vision (updated in 2012) is ‘Healthy and resilient ecosystems and an actively involved and inspired community practising sustainable natural resource management.’

What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity is defined as 'the natural variety of all life forms: the sum of all our native species of flora and fauna, plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genetic variation within them, their habitats, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems of which they are an integral part' (Victoria's Biodiversity Strategy 1997).

Why is Biodiversity Important?

Biodiversity is vital to our quality of life, underpinning our economic and social health and there is growing recognition of the existence value of biodiversity, such as the right of all species to exist.

Biodiversity is the basis for healthy ecosystems that provide essential services1, including

  • pollination
  • life-fulfilment (including aesthetic surroundings and cultural heritage)
  • regulation of climate
  • pest control
  • maintenance and provision of genetic resources
  • maintenance and generation of habitat
  • provision of shade and shelter
  • maintenance of soil health
  • maintaining healthy waterways
  • water filtration and erosion control
  • regulation of river flows and groundwater levels
  • waste absorption and breakdown

Biodiversity is renewable - but only if we use it and nurture it wisely. Biodiversity conservation therefore is a fundamental component of Australia's commitment to ecologically sustainable development.

Many of our ecosystems, communities and species are threatened with extinction and soils are often degraded. To conserve soils and biodiversity we need to increase their resilience through positive land management changes such as soil conservation practices, revegetation, remnant protection and providing ecologically meaningful linkages.

Ecosystem resilience is critical in supporting productive and sustainable landscapes by providing ecosystem services (as above) and providing an aesthetically pleasing place to live and recreate. The Land and Biodiversity Program focuses on the connections between the need for ecosystem resilience and provision of productive land and as a result, healthy and sustainable communities.  Investment in the Catchment’s biodiversity and land health is guided by the Biodiversity Strategy for the Goulburn Broken Catchment 2010-2015, the Goulburn Broken Land Health Statement 2014, and other regional, state and national policies and strategies.

In This Section

Biodiversity Strategy for the Goulburn Broken Catchment

The Biodiversity Strategy for the Goulburn Broken Catchment 2016-2021 is the primary planning document guiding biodiversity initiatives at the regional level. 

Biodiversity Assets in the Goulburn Broken

Australia is the only 'developed' country of 12 'mega diverse' countries*.

Relevant Policy & Legislation

There are several pieces of legislation and policy that have been developed at a Commonwealth, State and Regional level to achieve better management of biodiversity.

Current Projects - Biodiversity

Land and Biodiversity projects under way across the Catchment include:

Land Health - Soils

Soils are the lifeblood of the catchment, providing environmental services that give life to flora, fauna and primary production.

Climate Change

The impacts of a changing climate on the Goulburn Broken Catchment’s natural resources and its community present significant threats and opportunities. The Goulburn Broken Catchment Management Authority (CMA) is committed to being proactive in identifying adaptation responses to mitigate any threats, and at the same time work to identify opportunities.

Resources & Publications

There are many things land managers can do to conserve biodiversity. Resources and Publications in this section are designed to help land managers in the Goulburn Broken Catchment.


Click here to view publications relating to biodiversity.

1 List from Cork et al Ecosystem Services: Natural Assets - An Inventory of Ecosystem Goods and Services in the Goulburn Broken Catchment, CSIRO 2001.